Today in History in 1805 Lewis & Clark first sighted the Rocky Mountains; in 1907 actor John Wayne [Marion Mitchell Morrison] was born; in 1923 actor James Arness (Matt Dillon-Gunsmoke) was born; and in 1951 Sally Kristen Ride the first US woman astronaut (STS-7, STS 41G), was born in Los Angeles, California.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
1805 - Lewis & Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains
1868 - President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
1896 - Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
1896 - Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
1908 - At Masjed Soleyman, in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.
1927 - Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produce the last (and 15th million) Model T Ford / Tin Lizzie
1940 - 1st successful helicopter flight in US: Vought-Sikorsky US-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky
1941 - American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia
1948 - South Africa elects a nationalist government under D.F. Malan with an apartheid policy
1993 - Long fly ball by Indians' Carlos Martinez bounces off Jose Canseco's head & goes over fence for a home run
2002 - The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.
2004 - The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.
2012 - Pope Benedict XVI's butler is arrested for allegedly leaking confidential documents
1877 - Isadora Duncan, San Franciso, American free form/interpretative dancer
1883 - Mamie Smith, American singer (d. 1946)
1886 - Al Jolson, [Asa Yoelson], jazz singer/silent actor (Mamie, Swanee)
1907 - John Wayne [Marion Mitchell Morrison], Winterset IA, actor (Green Berets, True Grit)
1913 - Peter Cushing, England, actor (Dracula, Star Wars, Dr Who)
1920 - Peggy Lee, American singer (d. 2002)
1923 - James Arness, Minneapolis MN, actor (Matt Dillon-Gunsmoke, Thing)
1926 - Miles Davis, Alton, Illinois, American jazz musician, trumpeter and composer (d. 1991)
1949 - Hank Williams Jr, Shreveport La, country singer (Honky Tonk)